Cerebral palsy refers to a group of disorders that influences one’s ability to move about and keep balance and posture. It is a result of abnormalities in that part of the brain that controls movement of the muscles. Contradictory to former medical diagnosis that cerebral palsy is due to oxygen deficiency in the brain during birth, more commonly called asphyxia, it was discovered that this disruption in the development of the brain can actually occur during the first 6 months of pregnancy due to:

  • Transformation in genes which control the development of the brain Infections in the mother which can affect the developing fetus
  • Fetal stroke which causes disruption in the supply of blood to the developing brain
  • Lack of oxygen to the brain during birth (asphyxia) related to difficult labor or delivery
  • Infections which can result to inflammation in or around the infant’s brain
  • Traumatic head injury to an infant due a fall, a motor vehicle accident or child abuse

Children suffering from cerebral palsy are usually born with the disease; it is only usually detected, though, before the child’s third year of age, the time when its signs and symptoms begin to appear.

This very common child disability, which affects children eight years old and below, has no known cure. Treating it early, however, may enable children to overcome developmental disabilities and allow them to learn ways by which to accomplish any tasks they may be faced with in the future. There are different treatments that will help children with cerebral palsy, like speech therapy, physical and occupational therapy, seizure-controlling drugs and many others.

There are about 760,000 people suffering from cerebral palsy in the US today and every year, around 8,000 more are added to their number. Among those affected, boys are greater in number, while the most common type that victims suffer from is spastic CP, which affects one or more limbs and the upper or lower part of the body, due to a lesion or cut in the brain. Other types of cerebral palsy include:

  • Ataxic – the least common among the types of cerebral palsy. It affects a person’s visual and auditory processing, balance and motor skills.
  • Athetoid or Dyskinetic – persons affected by this type of cerebral palsy experience difficulty walking and in keeping upright.
  • Mixed – the type of cerebral palsy that causes suffering from different cases of muscle impairment .

Medical professionals who have improperly performed medical procedures which might have caused a child’s cerebral palsy ought to be held liable for their medical negligence or carelessness. This is a serious condition that can have long term consequences on a victim’s life.

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